Direttive 2009/48/CE, CEE 88/378 e 93/68/CE
Toys are regulated by the Directive 88/378/EC, implemented in Italy by Legislative Decree 313/1991.
From 20 July 2011 onwards, as regards physical, mechanical and electrical requirements, and from 20 July 2013 onwards, as regards chemical requirements, the Directive 88/378/EC will be replaced by the Directive 2009/48/EC.
Both these directives:
- require CE marking on products and/or packaging;
- require the application of harmonised standards (EN 71 and EN 62115) to allow products to have an assumption of conformity;
- require a CE certificate issued by an Authorised Body, if harmonised standards have not been applied;
- require the production of a technical file by the manufacturer.
The Directive 88/378/EC does not require the manufacturer to provide a Declaration of Conformity, which instead is required under the directive 2009/48/EC.
The latter directive further clarifies the obligations of the manufacturer, authorised importer and distributor, which must each be able to demonstrate the assumption of conformity for products placed on the European market. IMQ conducts tests to asses conformity, particularly on toys with electrical components.